Key Facts about the Types of Lower Back Pain

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Lumbago, a condition simply referred to as low back pain, affects the bone and muscles on your back. The pain may persist for a few weeks or several months, and it is often classified into different types depending on the cause of this condition.

Three Types of Low Back Pain

These are among the different types of pain on the lower back including the key features of each.

1. Axial or Mechanical Pain

Known as the most typical type of low back pain, it can vary between faint and sharp pain, which patients may experience constantly or occasionally. In most instances, the pain is non-specific in nature, which means the symptoms may resolve and diminish over time. Common features of mechanical pain include worsening pain due to physical activities such as sports or sitting for hours. Since the symptoms are self-limited, pain may be eased by rest.

2. Referred Pain

The pain does not remain on one part of your lower back, but it may move around in other areas including your upper thigh, pelvis, groin and buttocks. Referred pain is also less common than mechanical pain, and it may be caused by degenerative disc disease. Any injuries to your thigh, lower back of pelvis may lead to referred pain.

3. Radicular Pain

This type of pain is depicted as intense and radiating, and some patients experience tingling or numbness after hours of severe pain. Radicular pain is often due to an inflamed, injured or compressed spinal nerve root. Among the causes of this pain include spinal stenosis and herniated disc. As the pain persist, it may radiate from your sciatic nerve to the back of your thighs and into your feet and calves.

Treatment options vary from the use of OTC pain medications, opioids and even surgical procedure. However, for those who prefer a non-invasive and safe way to eliminate low back pain, spinal manipulation and chiropractic care prove to be quite effective. These techniques also do not cause side effects, which make them a suitable choice for most people.

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